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Stephen G. Brueggemann, M.D.
Comprehensive Medical/Surgical Eye Care
SERVING THE COLUMBUS AREA FOR OVER 25 YEARS - Board Certified in Ophthalmology
Call Us Today!
Call Us Today!

Our Procedures

Eye Surgery
No-Stitch Cataract Surgery
A cataract is a clouding of the normally clear and transparent natural lens inside the eye. The lens, located behind the iris and pupil, assists with focusing the light rays to produce a sharp image on the retina in the back of the eye.
If your vision has become blurry, cloudy or dim, or things you see are not as bright or colorful as they used to be, a cataract may have developed in one or both of your eyes. Many people say that their vision with cataracts is similar to the effect of looking through a dirty car windshield. As a cataract slowly begins to develop, you may not notice any changes in your vision at first. But as the cataract progresses, you may begin to find that it interferes with your daily activities.
While cataracts are one of the most common causes of vision loss, especially as we age, they are treatable with cataract surgery. Since most cataracts are part of the normal aging process, they cannot be reversed.  There are no medications or eye drops that will make cataracts go away—surgery is the only treatment.
Diabetic Eye Care
Patients with diabetes are at an increased risk of developing eye diseases that lead to vision loss and blindness. These eye diseases include cataract, glaucoma and diabetic retinopathy. Diabetic-related complications result from high blood sugar levels over a prolonged period of time. Diabetic retinopathy is the leading cause of new blindness in adults in the United States.
Diabetic retinopathy is a complication of diabetes where blood vessels in the retina, in the back portion of the eye, are damaged. This microvascular damage causes the blood vessels to develop small dilations, or microaneurysms, which leak blood, fluid and protein.
Diabetic eye disease is diagnosed through a comprehensive eye examination performed at least annually. An ophthalmologist performs a dilated eye exam to look at the structures of the eye for evidence of disease. The retina is examined with a variety of high powered lenses and further examination with computerized laser scanning that provides high-resolution imaging of the retina to evaluate for the presence of retinal thickening.
Glaucoma is one of the leading causes of blindness and visual impairment, primarily occurring in older people. It is a group of diseases where the optic nerve suffers damage, either as a result of pressure inside the eye or diminished blood supply to the optic nerve or a combination of these two factors. Damage to the optic nerve results initially in the loss of peripheral or side vision, which as the disease progresses, can eventually involve loss of central vision and result in blindness. With early detection and prompt treatment, loss of sight is preventable in most cases.
Once glaucoma has been diagnosed, treatment begins to decrease the risk for permanent loss of vision.  There is no treatment that guarantees further damage will not occur but most cases of glaucoma can be treated with eye drops, laser surgery, or microsurgery in the operating room. Different eye drops are used to either encourage outflow of fluid through the drainage angle or suppress formation of fluid.  Laser surgery for glaucoma is used in at least two different procedures, either to increase the outflow of fluid from the drainage angle or in the case of closed angle glaucoma, to relieve the buildup of fluid and pressure from behind the iris.  Another type of microsurgery performed in the operating room, called trabeculectomy, may be used to create a new pathway for the exit of fluid from the eye.
Macular Degeneration
Macular degeneration is a degenerative disease of the specialized portion of the retina, called the macula. In early stages, central or “straight-ahead” vision can appear blurred since the macula is responsible for reading and fine visual tasks. In later stages of the disease, vision can appear distorted or even absent in central areas. While total blindness does not occur in any stage of macular degeneration, reading, driving and facial recognition often become difficult and sometimes is not possible.

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